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Massachusetts Institute of Technology

麻省理工学院

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

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麻省理工学院massachusetts Institute of technology学校概况简介 校训 mens et manus motto(in english) mind and hand        麻省理工学院massachusetts Institute of technology,MIT于1861年由威廉·巴顿·罗杰斯(william barton rogers)一位著名的自然科学家创立。他希望能够创建一个自由的学院来适应正快速发展的美国。由于南北战争,直到1865年麻省理工学院mit才迎来了第一批学生。随后其在自然及工程领域迅速发展。在大萧条时期,mit曾一度被认为会同哈佛大学合并,但在该校学生的抗议之下,被迫取消了这一计划。1916年麻省理工学院从波士顿迁往剑桥。 麻省理工学院(massachusetts Institute of technology,缩写:mit)是美国一所综合性私立大学,有“世界理工大学之最”的美名。位于麻萨诸塞州的波士顿,查尔斯河(charles river)将其与波士顿的后湾区(back bay)隔开。今天mit无论是在美国还是全世界都有非常重要的影响力,培养了众多对世界产生重大影响的人士,是全球高科技和高等研究的先驱领导大学,也是世界理工科菁英的所在地。麻省理工是当今世界上最富盛名的理工科大学,《纽约时报》笔下“全美最有声望的学校”。         麻省理工学院massachusetts Institute of technology,MIT的自然及工程科学在世界上享有盛誉,其管理学、经济学、哲学、政治学、语言学也同样优秀。其林肯实验室、计算机科学及人工智能实验室、媒体实验室和斯隆管理学院十分著名。有59位诺贝尔奖得主曾在麻省理工学院massachusetts Institute of technology,MIT学习或工作。 至2007年,先后有78位诺贝尔奖得主曾在麻省理工学院massachusetts Institute of technology,MIT学习或工作。经过麻省理工学院几代人坚持不懈地努力奋斗,时至今日,但凡有人提起“世界理工大学之最”,人人皆推麻省理工学院。麻省之名蜚声海外,成为世界各地莘莘学子心向神往,趋之若鹜的科学圣殿。麻省理工学院的自然及工程科学在世界上享有极佳的盛誉,其管理学、经济学、哲学、政治学、语言学也同样优秀。另外,麻省理工研发高科技武器和美国最高机密的林肯实验室、领先世界一流的计算机科学及人工智能实验室、世界尖端的媒体实验室、和培养了许多全球顶尖首席执行官斯隆管理学院也都是麻省理工赫赫有名宝贵资产。 在2007年万维网的世界大学排名里,科技宠儿摇篮的麻省理工以压倒性的胜利排名世界第一。泰晤士报专上教育增刊的世界大学排名,麻省理工学院在总平均排名世界第二(仅次于哈佛大学),在科学技术方面排名世界第一,在工程科学方面排名世界第二,在自然科学方面排名世界第五,在社会科学方面排名世界第七。美国国家研究协会把mit在美国大学的知名度排第一。美国princeton review在2006把mit命名为全美最难进的大学。至2006年,mit已连续十四年在美国大学理工学院排名夺冠。麻省理工学院在2006年washington monthly 期刊里对美国最有服务及贡献的大学排第一。请看麻省理工学院排名。 以统计资料来分析,要申请上麻省理工学院mit的大学部比研究所难两三倍。2008年共有13,396人申请(包括约3,500名美国以外的学生)麻省理工学院大学部的1040名额(录取率创mit历年来最新低)。麻省理工学院2006-2007学年的学杂费是$47,100美元。2006-2007麻省理工学院学生平均领到的奖学金为$27,800美元。mit在2007年底有99.8亿美元的总资产。 从任何方面来说,麻省理工学院mit都是世界上一所无与伦比的高等学府,其最突出的标志是造就了一批声名盖世的科学家。在麻省理工学院mit,传统的教育方法是没有市场的。这里的学生性格外向开放,思维敏捷活跃。mit的最成功之处在于它独特的教育方法。它“最基本的注意点是研究,即独立地去探索新问题”。例如,有一门课是这样进行的:学生们每人得到一个装满弹簧、电机等元件的箱子,课程要求简单明确——自行设计、装配一台机器。麻省理工学院的师生比例为1:7,这样高的比例在全美的大学里是少见的。由于学生人数不多,教授们会有足够的精力来关心学生的作业与发展。 全世界优秀的学子云集于麻省理工学院mit,就如他们一位教授说的“就是再优秀都还不够优秀”。在这里紧张的理工科学习被誉为“高压锅”,新生们第一学期上的课都不给以字母表示的成绩,只给打“通过”或“不通过”。这无疑是校方尽力想给学生们缓解点压力的结果。在3s——study(学习)、sleep(睡觉)、social activities(社会活动)中,一般的mit学生只能做到两个,如果有谁三个都能做到那就是一个“超人”。麻省理工学院mit的学生必须拿满360个学分才能顺利毕业。在繁重的学习中,学生们在“夹缝里求生存”。你会看到在跑步机上有人边跑边看,“24小时房间”有着看书、查资料和小憩的人,mit的学生读起书来不管时间,睡起觉来也不管空间。学生入学后学习的刻苦程度也属罕见。但即便如此,mit学生在入学后四年内的毕业率却是92%(全美排第三名)。在美国东北部漫长的冬天里,在枯燥的校园中,在繁重的学业压力下,一些学生情绪陷入低潮,对学校也是爱恨交加。“我恨这个该死的地方”,据说这是mit学生们最常说的一句话。 麻省理工学院massachusetts Institute of technology,MIT著名校友        语言学家诺姆·乔姆斯基(noam chomsky)、联合国秘书长科菲·安南(kofi annan)、诺贝尔奖得主约翰·纳什(john nash)、以色列前总理本杰明·内塔尼亚胡(benjamin netanyahu)、中央情报局前局长多伊奇(john m. deutch)、万维网之父蒂姆·伯纳斯-李(tim berners-lee)、前惠普ceo卡莉·费奥丽娜(carly fiorina) 在对未来社会、科学和大学自身研究的基础上,mit制定了未来的发展战略: 1.吸引最优秀的学生和教师,给他们提供有刺激性的和有效的生活与学习环境。 2.致力于研究基础科学,但应在把研究、学习和行动整合成一体的新模式中处于领先地位。 3.致力于学术、探究和批判精神,并擅长把工业、政府和学术界联合起来,共同探索、解决世界面临的主要问题。 4.继续保证艺术、人文学科和社会科学方面的强大计划。 5.致力于扩大技术上和管理上的能力,但要考虑到道德和伦理问题。 6.把服务于国家作为首要的和最重要的原则,但要认识到这需要全球性的参与、合作与竞争。 7.开拓新的财政来源,增加公民、联邦政府和商业界对科学、技术、研究和高等教育的理解与支持,吸引私人投资的增加。 麻省理工学院massachusetts Institute of technology,MIT现在招收本科生和研究生。有建筑和城市规划、工程、人文学科和社会科学、管理、理科等5个分院,分设24个系,即:航空学和航天学、建筑、生物学、化学工程、化学、土木工程、地学和行星科学、经济学、电力工程和计算机科学、外国文学和语言学、人文学科、管理、数学、机械工程、材料科学与工程、气象学、核工程、营养和食品科学、海洋工程、哲学、物理学、政治科学、心理学、城市研究与规划等系。 麻省理工学院massachusetts Institute of technology,MIT由以下学院构成: 建筑和规划学院:建筑学系、城市研究与规划系以及介质艺术和科学组等; 工程学院:市政工程系、电气功工程与计算机科学系和材料科学与工程、化学工程系、机械工程、航空和宇航工程系、核子工程、海洋工程等系; 人文和社会科学学院:语言学与哲学系、政治科学系、经济系、科学、人文学系(人类学或考古学、外国语言文学、历史学、音乐与戏剧艺术、写作计划等组)、技术和社会计划系等; 斯隆管理学院:管理系; 理学院:大气与行星科学系、化学系、生物学系、地球、数学系、物理系、应用生物科学计划等; 怀特克尔保健科学和技术学院:脑和思维科学系、毒理学部等。 学校可授予的学位包括:城市规划硕士、理学学士、理学硕士、建筑学硕士、工程师、哲学博士、理学博士等。 研究生院共有五所:建筑规划研究生院、工科研究生院、人文社会学研究生院、管理研究生院、自然科学研究生院及健康科学研究生院。 重点学科: 麻省理工学院的工程系是最知名、最多人申请人读和最“难读”的学系,并曾一连七届获得美国工科研究生课程冠军,其中以电子工程专业名气最响,紧跟其后的是机械工程。其余的学科如物理学、化学、经济学、哲学、政治学也都获得好评。 美国工程教育学会执行主任karl willenbrock曾经说过,“如果麻省理工学院忽然消失,国家安全堪忧。他们是工程的ibm。” 麻省理工学院massachusetts Institute of technology,MIT管理研究生院的mba课程非常出色,曾名列美国mba排行榜榜首。在全世界mba十大排行榜(美国占六位)上,它也榜上有名。 2006年,麻省理工学院massachusetts Institute of technology,MIT院研究人员以病毒建造电池,2006年度美国高等学府捐赠基金回报排名榜,此次麻省理工学院(mit)脱颖而出,以23%的回报率力压排名第2的耶鲁大学,名列全美能力最高的大学捐赠基金。另外,麻省理工也研发了世界上第一个有人类感情的机器人kismet。一个2007年最新的报告指出麻省理工学院在对近代科学“革命”的贡献目前领先世界第一,是目前21世纪培养诺贝尔奖得主最多的大学(过去六年共16位得主);同一笔报告指出,哈佛大学对科学研究的贡献已在近年来衰弱了许多,而且哈佛传统的教学方法在本世纪已跟不上麻省理工的先端高科技教法。 麻省理工学院massachusetts Institute of technology,MIT2007年1月,一位麻省理工生物系教授发现了一组最新的核糖核酸(rna)纲,这对未来基因的组合有伟大的突破。2007年4月,麻省理工电机系的一研究队发明了不用电池就能使用的笔记本电脑,预计在不久的将来将会轰动整个电子市场。2007年5月,麻省理工一组太空科学研究队发现了宇宙中最热的行星(摄氏2040度c)。2007年6月,麻省理工学院宣布,他们已经运用电磁共振技术,不须使用电线,就能隔空传输电力,让一颗六十瓦的灯泡发光。这意味手机、笔记型电脑等小家电,未来可以无线充电,无须再使用电池或充电插座。  
专业排名
综合排名 6
计算机科学(CS) 2
化学(Chem) 2
生物学(Bio) 3
电子电气工程(EE) 1
数学(Math) 1
物理学(Phy) 3
机械工程(ME) 1
经济学(Econ) 2
环境工程(EnvE) 10
土木工程(CivE) 4
工业工程(IE) 38
生物医学工程(BME) 7
材料科学与工程(MSE) 1
化工(ChemE) 1
统计(Statistics) 17
社会学(Sociology) 58
法学(Laws) 43
传媒学(Communication) 31
商学(Business) 3
艺术(Arts) 13
基本数据
本科录取率: Unknown
本科学费: 37782
本科书本杂费: 1150
在校本科生人数: 4201
学生教师比: 8.0 : 1
SAT数学要求 720 - 800
SAT语言要求 650 - 760
SAT写作要求 660 - 760
成功毕业率: 0.94
平均课业负担: 48学分
专业排名为 USNews 2012 最新数据,基本数据由CollegeProwler提供
简评

One of the best things about MIT dining is that there are no required “meals” that you have to buy. Instead, you decide how much money to credit to your student ID, then spend the money however you like on campus. In addition to the typical dining halls, MIT also has Dunkin Donuts and Subway. You can also use your card at LaVerde's Market in the student center. Although prices tend to be expensive, students should always be able to find something to eat. Most freshmen don’t catch on to one of the best lunch deals—the food trucks. There are two food trucks at 77 Mass. Ave. and a large group of them next to the bio building. Not only do the food trucks serve yummy hot food—things like pizza, Chinese, and Mexican—the prices are also unbelievably cheap.

The most common complaint that students have is the lack of food selection at the regular dining halls. Since various dining halls are only open for dinner, your options at any given time can vary. Food ranges from hot entrées to cold à la carte items, and vegetarian options are always available. Learn the operating hours of the dining halls—there’s nothing more disappointing than walking to the Student Center for a crepe only to find that the restaurant is closed. LaVerde’s is open late most days of the week, so satiating late-night munchies won’t be a problem. MIT campus dining isn’t perfect, but it’s improving, and one of the main reasons is the friendly and helpful staff. If you have any comments or suggestions, let them know because they actually care what you think. Students can suggest meals or even comment on prices, and usually the staff will do what they can to help.

The highlight of MIT facilities is the gorgeous athletic facility, the Zesiger Center. Opened in 2002, the Z-Center features two pools, six squash courts, an indoor track, and multi-activity courts for basketball, volleyball, and other IMs. Access to this state-of-the-art facility is included in tuition. Moreover, students also have access to personal trainers and certain other services at a premium. The other main student facility is the Stratton Student Center. The first floor was refurnished with comfortable couches, tables, and additional seating. The various shops and restaurants inside are constantly changing. The student center includes a large reading room, a small market, a post office, a barbershop, a dry cleaner’s, an arcade, and a copy shop. The highlight of the Student Center, however, are the many available lounges and meeting areas for students. Since the dorms and living groups are so spread out, students often choose to meet in the Student Center to eat, work, and socialize.

As far as other facilities on campus are concerned, MIT is constantly trying to improve. Several of the buildings were constructed in the 1910s, so there are deferred maintenance issues. The main complaint students have is about the often eccentric architecture of the buildings, but at a unique place like MIT, the distinctive buildings do fit in nicely. Overall, most facilities on campus offer students their own preferred places to hang out, study, and make themselves comfortable.

In terms of pure physical attractiveness, MIT isn’t at the top of any list. And although the men outnumber the women a bit, even though this is closer each year, the ratio between eligible men and women tends to be fairly even. Why is this? Because a good percentage of MIT men are more interested in computers, Star Wars, and classes. Don’t worry, though, there are definitely standouts in both genders. For the most part, many students opt to try to meet people from other schools. Lots of guys will date girls from Boston University or Wellesley College. In fact, a lot of MIT girls have a tendency to be bitter toward the Wellesley girls who always show up at parties.

There is a fairly even number of relationships and hookups at MIT. What’s more common? Well, it really depends who you are. Relationships range from totally random hookups to engagements by senior year. One of the biggest barriers to having a relationship at MIT is finding the time to have one. Many students compare the time commitment of a relationship to taking a lab class, so because of this, some people opt for hookups. At the same time, since MIT can be such a difficult place, many people find the need for a strong support system, and some people find this support in serious relationships.

In terms of pure physical attractiveness, MIT isn’t at the top of any list. And although the men outnumber the women a bit, even though this is closer each year, the ratio between eligible men and women tends to be fairly even. Why is this? Because a good percentage of MIT men are more interested in computers, Star Wars, and classes. Don’t worry, though, there are definitely standouts in both genders. For the most part, many students opt to try to meet people from other schools. Lots of guys will date girls from Boston University or Wellesley College. In fact, a lot of MIT girls have a tendency to be bitter toward the Wellesley girls who always show up at parties.

There is a fairly even number of relationships and hookups at MIT. What’s more common? Well, it really depends who you are. Relationships range from totally random hookups to engagements by senior year. One of the biggest barriers to having a relationship at MIT is finding the time to have one. Many students compare the time commitment of a relationship to taking a lab class, so because of this, some people opt for hookups. At the same time, since MIT can be such a difficult place, many people find the need for a strong support system, and some people find this support in serious relationships.

MIT is in Cambridge, about a 10-minute walk from Boston. In fact, a large percentage of students actually live in Boston in the various MIT-sponsored FSILGs (Fraternities, Sororities, and Independent Living Groups). Boston is the perfect college town, and sandwiched between Harvard and Boston University, MIT is in the hub of the ultimate college city. With so many high-quality schools in the area, Boston is a city that is driven by young, hip, and ambitious students. And because of the thousands of college students wandering the streets, many Boston businesses cater to this population. Concerts, clubs, restaurants, and malls are everywhere. One of the great things about Boston is that nearly all big music names will make a stop here while they’re on tour. Also, be sure to check out some of the local bands—they can be incredible.

In addition, public transportation is fairly reliable and convenient, but if you’re feeling cheap, you can walk wherever you want to go. Boston is small relative to places like New York City, and walking is an integral part of life here. And every now and then, you may see some famous people walking around or hanging out on Newbury Street and Boylston Street. Don’t forget to go see some of the landmarks, walk the Freedom Trail, and go to a Red Sox game in Fenway Park. Going to college in Boston is an experience unlike any other. Unfortunately, some students at MIT get so wrapped up in their schoolwork that the only problem with living in Boston is finding the time to enjoy it.

You might think that because of the work, no one at MIT ever finds the time to party. During the week, this is fairly common—in fact, some people even choose to work on weekends—but there is actually a large number of students who live by the motto, "Work hard, play hard.” One of the main attractions on weekends for underclassmen is fraternity parties—they’re free, and most are open to everyone, including students from the surrounding schools. Parties can range from more than 250 wall-to-wall people, to smaller, closed parties. Occasionally, certain dorms will also throw parties. This is usually where freshmen will go.

Unfortunately, most students tend to tire of fraternity parties after a couple of years. Luckily, there are many other options in Boston. Some people choose to go clubbing, and you don't even need to be 21 because most clubs are 19-and-over (to keep out high school students). Thursday night is one of the biggest nights to go out in Boston, and it is by far one of the best club nights. There are many clubs on Landsdowne, near Fenway Park, and some of the most popular include Avalon and Embassy. For the 21-and-over crowd, there are plenty of bars around Boston. One of the most popular with MIT students is Crossroads on Beacon Street.

No matter what you want to eat, you can find it in Boston. Restaurants range from cheap fast food joints to expensive fine dining. But don't worry: If you’re working on a tight budget, you don’t need to eat at fast food restaurants every time you eat out. Some restaurants, such as the Pour House on Boylston, have specials on certain nights that make meals less than $5 per person.

Another great thing about off-campus dining in Boston and Cambridge is the variety of ethnic foods that you can find. From authentic Italian dining and historic restaurants, such as the Union Oyster House in the North End, to Asmara Café for Ethopian in Central Square, you can find anything you’re craving. You can also try something new that you’ve never eaten before. Given all the hard work that students do during the week, going out on the weekends is a fun break. And because of the erratic hours of campus dining, going out can be the most convenient. If you don’t want to go off campus to eat, a lot of restaurants have delivery services. For example, Thailand Café on Massachusetts Avenue offers cheap meals and fast delivery. But be sure to check the menus because some restaurants have minimums for delivery, and others charge a delivery fee. And remember that almost everything in Boston shuts down at 2 a.m., so if you’re hungry late at night, you’re out of luck.

For MIT students, off-campus housing means not living in a dorm or FSILG (Fraternities, Sororities, and Independent Living Groups). Although FSILGs aren’t exactly on-campus housing, they are affiliated with MIT, and most of the houses are in Boston. Only a small percentage of MIT students live in what is considered true off-campus housing, but a good percentage of students—mostly men—live in FSILGs. They provide a relatively inexpensive and well-located alternative to on-campus housing. For more information, check out the Greek Life section.

True off-campus housing means living in an apartment or house that is not affiliated with MIT, and the bottom line is don’t do it. Not only is rent expensive, but actually finding an apartment is a hassle. Off-campus housing also means you will be farther away from your classes and almost all your friends. Do yourself a favor: Save the “I want my own apartment” phase until after graduation.

Weather is one of the MIT students’ greatest gripes, next to work. The reason is that you simply never know what it’s going to be like on any given day. Temperatures can range from below zero freezing in the winter to high 80s and humid in the summer. During the school year, the weather is usually fairly cold. If you’ve never lived through cold weather before, be prepared for a shock. Basically, be sure to bring a wide variety of clothes, but the things that you absolutely need are a thick winter coat, waterproof shoes, and a hat. There is nothing worse then watching Californians trying to struggle through that first cold week without enough winter clothing. Fortunately, most of the MIT class buildings are all connected, so depending on where you live, you may not have to be in the cold for very long. And even if it was freezing rain when you walked to class in the morning, it could be sunny and clear by the time you leave to go home in the afternoon.

Despite the temperatures, try to get out and play at least once in a while. Usually on the night of the first snowfall, students abandon their studies to play snow football or have snowball fights. One recent winter, MIT even had a snow day! Don’t count on that happening too often, but it’s at least something to hope for.

The academics at MIT are top notch. Classes are designed so you learn as much as possible, but learning at MIT doesn’t mean just memorizing a formula and plugging in numbers. Exams at MIT are designed to test your knowledge and understanding of the formulas, how to derive them, and how to apply them in all sorts of ways. Classes teach you how to think. However, not all classes are taught well. Some professors are more interested in their research than teaching, and and some TAs aren’t good at teaching. Most introductory classes are taught as a combination of lectures by professors and recitations by TAs. In large classes, however, students are allowed to change their recitations. Take advantage of this! Some TAs explain things better, some are easier graders, some are more available outside of class, and some are regular, normal people. Try to go to as many different recitations as you can at the beginning of the term to find out which TA suits you best. The extra time you spend looking for a good recitation will save you hours of struggling later in the semester.

Classes are rigorous, but academic opportunities outside the classroom are endless. One of the best academic programs at MIT is the Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program (UROP). As an undergraduate, you have the chance to work for professors who are legendary in their fields. Get involved with a UROP by letting professors know you’re interested. Given the studious culture of MIT, expect to do a lot of work. Not all your time, however, will be devoted to classes. You will want to get involved in extracurricular activities and research opportunities. Despite the heavy workload, the things you can accomplish within and beyond the classroom at MIT are miles above anything you could do anywhere else. This is what sets MIT apart as one of the best academic institutions in the country.

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外国学生评价
电脑设施情况的评价:[Athena Clusters Are Fantastic.] : Campus computing is widespread and convenient. Some of the clusters are nearly always busy (Building 12, Building 56) but unless you absolutely have to use a computer in one of those buildings you'll usually find plenty of open workstations. Printing quotas aren't a problem, and the Pharos system is great--just hit print, and then swipe your id card at any printer on campus and your print job pops out. Sat Feb 11 08:00:00 UTC 2012
其他方面情况的评价:[An Attractive Nerdly Bunch] : Everyone here is a nerd in one way or another. Despite that, just about everyone is well-put-together and reasonably attractive. People here are a lot of fun, too: whether you enjoy mad parties (college kids from all over Boston come to MIT parties because they're organized better) or making plasma arcs with friends in the lounge down the hall, there are people willing to do it with you. Sat Feb 11 08:00:00 UTC 2012
校内租房情况的评价:[Simmons Hall, MIT] : The housing process is great; administration does everything possible to make sure you end up where you want to be. Simmons is a very nice dorm with big rooms, good cooking and lounge spaces, and friendly people. It's costly, though, and the in-house dining hall isn't as good as some of the others. Sat Feb 11 08:00:00 UTC 2012
内部状况情况的评价:[Sup MIT] : MIT is different in many ways. For one thing, it's very nerdy. I would say the attitude is very work hard, play hard. People place their academics first and it's understood if you have to stay in on the weekend to study. All nighters are not uncommon... However, it's surprisingly social! There are plenty of awkward people but there's also a decent greek community. We also have a great undergraduate research program where students can work in labs and get experience in the field they're studying- it's pretty cool. Academically, things are pretty flexible. You're given a set of requirements but can choose to take classes whenever, so some classes will have students from all years. Fri Feb 03 08:00:00 UTC 2012
当地天气状况情况的评价:[WTF Boston] : The weather in Boston is ridiculous. It'll go from 40 degrees one day to 60 the next. Thankfully, most of the buildings are connected via a tunnel system so even on rainy/ snowy days it's easy to get to class without too much hassle. We rarely get snow days, which is tough. Fri Feb 03 08:00:00 UTC 2012
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